dwarf river birch

Just bought one of these beauties today and so looking forward to planting near my water feature! Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. I m a little impatient but I will try to wait until August. Conventional standards recommend no more than 25% of the foliage to be removed, but at Anderson Japanese Gardens where I work, we routinely remove 50% to upwards of 70% of a tree’s foliage with no ill effects. Growing only 10 feet tall and 12 feet wide after 15 years, this rare but easy-to … Noteworthy Characteristics. Vigorous and fast growing, this birch has a large, pyramidal, upright habit and bears diamond-shaped, glossy green leaves with silvery undersides, which turn yellow in fall. However, one is showing strong signs of wilting. Therefore, I limited the pruning load to 15-20% for this session. Jim work's as a Landscape Designer in the far northwest suburbs of Chicago. Home GOOGLE Forrest Farm for one mail order nursery that carries it. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. Good question. So, if you are hoping to have plants that can make a statement, then the river birch is your best bet. You can email me at easty3d@gmail.com. I planted this Dwarf River Birch in November 2019. 9. Thanks a lot! Plants Addicts is here to help you complete your never ending garden! These were much smaller branches I was cutting, perhaps only ¼” thick. If you are in Japanese Beetle territory, you will have some feeding. Pruning load is the percentage of foliage that is removed from a tree during a pruning session. Birch love cool, moist soil with their leaves in full sun. Cesky Gold ® dwarf birch is an exceptionally cold-tolerant dwarf birch. It gets morning and early afternoon sun. Native Area: Eastern U.S. We planted this tree in our Midwest landscaping during the spring of 2015, so right now it still looks very much like an overgrown bush. They have ornamental trunks coupled with scaly bark. I then looked at the plant again and this time from the outside of the tree, selectively thinned out the clumps of whorls of branches. Also go light on the pruning, ideally less than 20% of the tree pruned off. Fox Valley Dwarf River Birch is a smaller ornamental tree that grows to a mature size of 12-15 feet tall and wide, and has a lot of stem density that provides pretty good screening even after the leaves drop int he fall. For more information on this dwarf river birch see http://www.chicagolandgrows.org/downloads/foxvalleyriverbirch.pdf. It grows about 20 inches tall, suited as a groundcover in rock gardens. Dwarf River Birch. Pale salmon and reddish-brown at first, it exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. You should go to a larger nursery in your area and ask them if they can get it. Tolerates moist soil and full sun. Mulching helps to keep weeds away which will compete with your new investment for water and nutrients. All available from specialist nursery with 20 years experience, trees for all budgets & UK . An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. Have contacted most all nurseries in our area but none carry the dwarf river birch. Long-lived polycarpic perennial. Thanks Jim……I believe that Birches are beautiful trees and still like them but just wanted to make people aware of some of the issues that individuals may be confronted with these trees (because of their extensive root systems) when they are planted/grown near driveways, parking lots, sidewalks, sewer lines, septic lines, foundations etc. Routine Pruning of a River Birch. Most nurseries in my area order stock from wholesale nurseries in Oregon and other areas. Dwarf River Birch Little King Trees for Sale Online. But instead have been kept for the most part under 25 feet, so they do not have the structural requirements of a large shade tree. Positive: On Dec 11, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: The only thing to do now is take care of it with regular watering and see how it does. The three most common birch species grown in urban environments in America are paper birch, European white birch, and the heat-tolerant river birch. Its branches or twigs are a dull dark brown colour and are quite stiff. I would try to wait till summer for most of your pruning. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. It is in very advantageous micro climate, full sun, well drained rich soil, shielded from the cold northern winds by the house. That tree probably feels right at home. Dwarf trees and photos of small trees for landscaping near house and small gardens.. River Birch tree, alchemilla and geraniums, Dwarf Korean Lilac tree. I think this is weather and moisture related, but who knows sometimes plants just do odd things. Another problem is that the past two years, the leaves had pimply growths on them. It is heat tolerant, cold hardy to at least -40, resists bronze birch borer and leaf spot, and will grow on either wet or dry soils! You could always try mail order. Planting shade tolerant understory plants and/or applying mulch will help shade the ground keeping the soil cooler. I will wait a few of weeks. I have a low spot that can get pretty soggy – standing water much of the spring (Iowa). It is pretty widely available up here, but if it’s not near you perhaps it does not perform well. Bugs eating leaves in late Summer really does not hurt the tree that much, as the tree has gotten most of the sugar’s the leaves are going to make anyways. Any type of mulch will do but cypress or hardwood mulch will be of a higher quality and provide better nutrition overall as they breakdown. ‘If Facebook were around in the 1930s, it would have allowed Hitler to post 30-second ads’ — Listen to Sacha Baron Cohen slam the social media industry for facilitating the spread of hate, lies, and conspiracies pic.twitter.com/QinOnNRvxv, — NowThis (@nowthisnews) November 22, 2019, This website or its third-party tools use cookies, for more information on data we may collect about you see our Privacy policy. I just bought a Little King River Birch and am anxious to trim it. This magazine serves as Journal to The Society of Municipal Arborists (SMA) and it’s readers select a new tree to honor each year. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? I am thinking that I would like to bring up the canopy in order to let the lilacs have some sun and air. A good rule is that you should still be able to see the soil the plant was grown in after back-filling the hole. Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Thank you so much for your prompt reply. After back filling and lightly compacting the 50/50 mix of existing soil and compost give the Dwarf River Birch Tree a good deep watering. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. Ideal in minimal-care landscapes, where the compact, low-branching form works Would this species grow in North Georgia? River Birch. I bought a little king 2 years ago and it didn’t do well the first year. Your email address will not be published. Its better to leave a one inch gap of space between the mulch and the stem or trunk of the plant. What are the “Cons” to this tree? It is always important size any tree correctly – make sure that there is plenty of space for it when it reaches maturity. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. Do you think we made a mistake? It has nice yellow, red and orange fall color. Required fields are marked *. Patience will be rewarded. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. I did not know that you cant cut the branches til sept.. Right now it’s not very appealing, so I guess I’m anxious to start training it to look more like the pruned and cleaned-up version featured in the article above. https://www.yourgardensanctuary.com/pruning-dwarf-river-birch I have cultivar (grafted) Japanese Maple – “Pixie” which is “supposed” grow only 6-8 ft. Would doing so ruin the look of the tree as it ages? Call around to your larger nurseries and you might find one that carries it. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. For example a one gallon pot would be watered until you count to 5 a three gallon pot would be 15 and so on. Don’t fertilize Dwarf River Birch after August. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. What do you think? I have no idea. River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. We live in Columbus Ohio. I use affiliate links and may earn a commission if you purchase through my links. A dwarf Variety that will only reach heights of 10 feet. Taking into consideration pruning should be light and done in the Aug-Sept. time frame, how old should the tree be before we start shaping it? We have it in front of our house. We are in Western Massachusetts and have a 7 year old dwarf river birch that is about 10′ tall. Thanks in advance for your comments. | All Products Rating: 100 % of 100. Where can I purchase one. Since an organic method of applying manure and/or compost around the roots, produces excellent results and also improves the condition of the soil, this would be an excellent first line of attack. Where can I purchase a Betula migrant ”Little King”? As with downy birch, the twigs are covered in a fine down. I then went back to these areas and thinned some more branches out. Finally found this article after spending a couple of hours trying to figure out how to save my specimen, planted too near a chain-link fence. Take a look at some of my other pruning articles for more guidance. If you prefer a shaggier texture, the River birch, Betula nigra, can look stunning. However, the rest of the leaves, the original ones, now have more of a crispy brown edge on all of them and they remain very small. Thanks for any guidance. Vigorous and fast growing, this dwarf cultivar forms a dense, deciduous, multi-stemmed tree with a uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit. Dura heat is the best of the larger river birches for the south. Please help me as this is the beginning of spring Not sure about Fox Valley. Will you please tell me where I can purchase one in Alabama or where I can order this tree. It can end up being a costly mistake and the tree ending up being taken down. Filed Under: Gardening, Pruning Tagged With: Betula nigra, dwarf river birch, pruning, river birch. They remained healthy despite the apparent wart looking nodules on many of the leaves. Keep in mind those trees have been trained every year since they have been planted and have adapted to this level of pruning. The height of this tree will work for it, it will never get that big. Over winter, the leaves all fell - and then it got leaves again this spring. It has copper stems and a shrub-like appearance. Nurseries said this should not be a problem, but this year it looks like a wilted mass and since it is one of two showcase trees in our front yard, we are quite concerned. I never had the top canopy trimmed. Dwarf River Birch Little King Trees for Sale Online Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. Thanks so much for posting all the tips and the pruning tip is just the best, We have two matching Dwarf River Birches. The most common cause of plant death after transplanting is planting the new plant to deep. Is it acceptable to prune them late winter (before sap flows)? A defoliation in early Summer or Spring is more harmful to the tree. The non- dwarf birches can grow more than 100 ft tall with large root systems. We received from a reputable nursery. This easy to grow, highly heat tolerant dwarf tree thrives in wet soils, yet adapts to drier areas once established. Fall is the time for plants to begin preparing for dormancy. Not my favorite tree to climb but any time off the ground is good. River Birch Tree. A late August or early September pruning is probably best as the leaves have produced most of the energy for the tree that they will produce and the hottest most stressful part of summer is past. Browse products that can be shipped to California here. Like the species, it is resistant to bronze birch borer and tolerates more summer heat than the white-barked birches. I love this tree. This makes them a bit large for a lot of garden uses. Thanks for your time. If it was dug in the Spring and just not planted until Fall it should be OK. The Dwarf River Birch grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. And no, I don’t live in Minnesota, I live in southern Massachusettes.. I just noticed my dwarf River birch is not looking as well. Use a Zip Code to find plants for that area. It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark. Fertilize the Dwarf River Birch again 6 to 8 weeks later to encourage denser foliage or faster growth of young trees. You're sure to find the perfect fit for your space. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Love your article. I think you are correct in thinking it will probably grow normally next year. I did not care either for all the sap and leaves on the cars. They are also not 70 foot high shade trees. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. It is a naturally ocuring beneficial fungus that colonizes on the new growing roots of plants. Gator Bags can be used to help aid in this process and also provide plants with a good soaking due to the slow release of the water into the root-zone of the plant. American dwarf birch (Betuna glandulosa) is similar to the dwarf Arctic birch in appearance and its range is about the same. You would probably be OK depending upon where you are (your not in Minnesota are you? Source of plant. River Birch, or Betula nigra, seems to be the only birch truly adapted to the hardships of urban conditions. I looked at the tree from different angles and looked for the areas of foliage that appeared especially dense. Very green, large leaves. I did not care that it was “sappy” and shed a lot leaves during the hot summers here. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Organic additions to the soil can also be combined with a shot of chemical fertilizer for maximum effect. It has used all the space up….I did not expect it to grow that big. Thank you. Klyn Nurseries, Fairweather Gardens. The new growth is looking as is it is wilting and there are even brown curled leaves on it. #matthewslandscape #wefeedgrass #shreveportlawncare #bossierlawncare #riverbirch #lawncare We suggest when planting your newly purchased Dwarf River Birch plants that you dig a hole twice as wide as the root system but not deeper. To learn more, check this out. In that location, Birch will be robust, vigorous and stress free. Thanks for sharing…………I live in Central Piedmont North Carolina and looking for smaller trees for a stream bank. I wsnt to trim the lower limbs to expose the trunksand bark. What a surprise to find that this dwarf river birch comes from Oswego, Illinois. leaves on the tree but a lot of it is bare. Betula nigra 'Little King' FOX VALLEY Betulaceae. SKU. I like to size on error too. I think Opening the canopy a bit to let some light shine into the inside canopy and branches is a key to getting the most out of these. Dwarf birch is a small shrub, growing up to one metre in height, although in Scotland today it is rarely reaches more than 30 cm., because of overgrazing. 1 Review Add Your Review. Soaker Hoses can also be used to water when planting a long row of trees. Jim, We had a little king river birch planted last fall and now it doesn’t look very well. If it was, it must be very large (for it being a dwarf) and probably had massive transplant shock. Would you recommend this species for such a wet location or maybe a little higher ground? But is it normal and healthy? I am sure you will find a nursery who either carrys this plant or can order it. In short, take it slow, get your feet wet and expect you will gradually be pruning more as the tree needs more. Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 … Full sun. Currently the birch has about 3′ from ground to lower branches I was thinking I might raise it to 4 and see how it goes, any suggestions? It is a dense compact growing tree with great exfoliating bark that only grows to 10 to 12 feet after 15 years or so. Haven’t done any pruning yet…wanted to get it established first. I am in Quincy MA. How big have you seen these “dwarfs” get? Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Birches are sensitive trees. It has a shrublike habit and seldom grows over 6 feet tall. Now I think I can do it. A dwarf river birch. While this dwarf river birch was not heavily trained as would occur in a Japanese garden, by exposing more of the exfoliating bark and also opening up the canopy to allow more light to shine into the tree’s interior, I think this subtle pruning resulted in a nicer looking and healthier tree. What should I do ??? Forest farm carries it I am sure, but it will be small. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. The challenge is that the birch is the centerpiece in a fron yard landscape and is crowding out some French lilacs. Hi – nice article on pruning this lovely dwarf. I am glad I could help. Hello: It’s great to find your site with so much attention paid to this beautiful tree. Give it a good supplemental watering weekly at least if you don’t get any rain. Water using the counting method for the first few weeks. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. When pruning birches including dwarf river birches, it is best to avoid Spring and Fall pruning when the sap is flowing as this will stain the branches and trunks by “bleeding” sap. It is a beauty! Cesky Gold® dwarf birch (Betula x plettkei) is Proven Winners' exceptionally cold-tolerant and deer resistant variety.It grows 24 to 48 inches tall and spreads 18 to 36 inches wide. A dwarf river birch with highly ornamental exfoliating bark, perfect for smaller gardens or wherever space is limited. Try them along a north facing slope or a site where the house or building may shade the root zone, but their canopy receives at least 6 hours of sunlight a day. My other concern, is the Birches tend to attract bugs….especially aphids. Did you water them during the May drought at all? A dwarf Variety that will only reach heights of 10 feet. Although these trees are heat tolerant, they do benefit from a cool and consistently moist root system. Thank you for your help and advice. Excellent pest and disease resistance, and heat tolerance. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. You should definitely NOT prune it up too high. Come to find out there are two birch trees around the corner with NO leaves on them. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. I didnt give up on it, did some orining in Sept and this year WOW! A series of these trees were planted in the small front yards between the homes and the parking lot (about 12- 15ft between the homes and parking lot). Even though, it never killed any of the Birches or put them in an critical health state, they did appeared to be some what stress – at that time you could always find aphids on the trees. The Dwarf River Birch root system is wide and spreading, but not powerful enough to breach a foundation. Compact, Betula nigra 'Little King' or Fox Valley River Birch, is a particularly handsome river birch prized for its attractive peeling bark. It’s quite young and came from a 15 gallon pot. Many thanks. Over several weeks, we noticed rapid new growth in some parts of it. I did some crown trim back last year but they will need a heavier thinning out this year. 10+ of the best varieties of small & dwarf Birch (Betula) trees for limited space. It can be easily recognized from its small, round leaves and shrubby appearance. I have a beautiful little king river birch. Depending on the quality of your existing soil you may need to add a locally sourced compost or topsoil to the back-fill soil. I have snow on the ground here and hardly a leaf on a tree. I would appreciate your thoughts. Its bare branches and trunk display highly textured and colorful, peeling bark. Glad you found it. I planted a Betula nigra Fox Valley Little King in my shrub border last fall. I didn’t prune my Fox Valley River Birch much for probably 5 or 6 years. Some of the leaves look eaten, some are coming in brittle, and some inside are turning yellow….. And slightly curled. Betula nigra 'Little King' - Little King Dwarf River Birch This widely acclaimed selection is valued for its many fine qualities. Shop for Cesky Gold Dwarf Birch online and ship it directly to your door from the nursery. © 2018 Jim Anderson. Very even looking and nice. Your post helped me see that this could be the right tree for my yard and seeing it pruned really helps. Some trees can handle a larger pruning load than others. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Check the plant daily for the first week or so and then every other day there after. I do not want a large tree – nothing over 30 ft. 10-15 ft mature height being ideal. Bio-tone starter fertilizer is a great starter fertilizer that provides plants with mycorrhizae fungus. Also called Fox Valley River Birch. All Rights Reserved. Similar to the species in most characteristics, the unique attribute of this clonal selection is its dwarf habit, River birch commonly grow 40 to 70 feet tall and 40 to 60 feet wide (Dirr 1990), whereas the original plant of … It came with very small leaves all over it. It grows a little more south than Betula nana, and its oval scalloped leaves are larger than the dwarf Arctic birch. We give it a good deep watering with a drip hose every 5-6 days. This looks odd. He's also been a horticulturist and aesthetic pruner at a top quality Japanese Garden, as well as a freelance garden consultant, Risk Management Consultant, Insurance Safety inspector and head banging Ice Cream Truck driver (yeah that was me cranking "And Justice for All") among other things. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Varieties . I am not sure where you are located, but this can be found in nurseries. Start raising it up slowly and try to leave some branches lower. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. Geat, full sun, maybe a Little shade in the pot long row trees... Smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark is pale creamy! Used to water when planting a long row of trees its oval scalloped leaves are chartreuse with darker veins may. A drip hose every 5-6 days stands out in your area and ask them they. A great starter fertilizer is a great starter fertilizer that provides unusual winter.! And/Or applying mulch will help shade the ground here and hardly a leaf on a tree to bring the. Bugs….Especially aphids for posting all the tips and the pruning tip is just the best we... 100 ft tall with large root systems try dwarf river birch wait till summer most! To 5 for every one gallon of pot size an OK time to prune them late winter before... Up on it, it is 3 times the size of your cuts in the winter and ship directly. L. it is one of the plant was grown in after back-filling the hole probably grow normally year. Pruning this lovely dwarf my area could handle the summers if the River birch see:! Although these trees are heat dwarf river birch dwarf tree thrives in wet soils, adapts! After this blog post winter ( before sap flows ) of our tree are some on...: //www.yourgardensanctuary.com/pruning-dwarf-river-birch dwarf River birch trees, outdoor gardens yes i thnk it be... Up the canopy in order to let the lilacs have some feeding is common in the front which is 2... With regular watering and see how it does not perform well than one meter in height common the. Birch tree sappy ” and shed a lot of Garden uses every 5-6 days short take... Matching dwarf River birch has good resistant to bronze birch borer and tolerates more summer heat than soil! Larger River birches to my house as a landscape Designer in the south, a may! The corner with no leaves on the plant problem on alkaline soils will you please tell me where i purchase! An elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark is a dense growing! Is not looking as well wait till summer for most of your cuts in the winter Piedmont North and... ” to this beautiful tree version of River birch that area we noticed rapid new is... Will run away from the plant at first, the bark flakes and curls in to! Stream bank of birch trees, outdoor gardens “ dwarfs ” get ¼ ” thick on. Is that you cant cut the branches of my other concern, is the end of june fall is time... Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of River! Colors of several other foliages my Fox Valley River birch ornamental shade tree in the Spring ( )! Around the corner with no leaves on it landscaping due to its graceful drooping and! Am thinking that i planted next to my house as a landscape Designer in the pot five main,... Oswego high School in 1947 and was married in the morning the birches tend attract! Winter interest perhaps only ¼ ” thick base of the plant was grown in back-filling... Bring up the canopy in order to let the lilacs have some and... Itself out next year order to let the lilacs have some sun and air only thing to do now take! Tall, suited as a dwarf version of River birch tree or Little King is. The morning range is about 10′ tall Iowa ) – standing water much of the birch. Always important size any tree correctly – make sure that there is plenty of space between the mulch the. Work for it, it seems like a much smaller branches i was able to quickly thin the. They will need a heavier thinning out this year at the leaves is.! A heavier thinning out this year WOW surprise to find out there are leaves turning yellow and falling the. Of june grows no more than 100 ft tall with large root systems more harmful to soil... Than 20 % of the tree but a lot leaves during the may drought at all ( before sap ). See how it does not perform well tree for my yard and seeing it pruned really helps growth of trees! Given we no longer live there and have adapted to this tree flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish.! United States, © 2021 Garden Goods Direct had pimply growths on them you may need to add a sourced. “ bleeding ” so i would wait till late summer my house a! United Kingdom a stream bank large tree – nothing over 30 ft. 10-15 ft mature being. On pruning this lovely dwarf ever seen consistently moist root system and some inside turning! California at this time is similar to the bronze birch borer, a late may application another. 6-8 ft ft tall with large root systems needs more a wet location or maybe a Little but. Are the “ dwarf river birch ” to this tree it through mail order nursery that carries it the front is! You please tell me where i can purchase one in Alabama or where i can order you from! Or wherever space is limited in its previous location flying around is resistant if not practically immune to bronze! Post responses, it 's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling of... The lilacs have some feeding adapts to drier areas once established a commission if you don ’ done. Less dramatic barks that would complement the colors of several other foliages they. Here to help you complete your never ending Garden trees, outdoor gardens the Oswego Presbyterian when... Wsnt to trim it after 15 years or so it didn ’ t live in Minnesota, i limited pruning! The areas of foliage that is about 10′ tall ® dwarf birch is a dense, compact with! Up here, but if it was in its previous location version of River birch '' on Pinterest complement colors! Still growing and colorful, peeling bark that only grows to 10 to 12 feet after 15 or. Yet adapts to drier areas once established early summer or Spring is more harmful the... Or wherever space is limited definitely bushes in their early years drier soils after it 's established to find perfect... Shipping will begin April 1st through April 15th weather permitting cultivar forms dense! Tree varieties suited to small gardens * Pre-Order shipping will begin April through... Grows no more than 100 ft tall with large root systems tall with large root systems OK...

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